island Andros
andros_beach

Sightseeing & Monuments | Streams and Springs

The most famous spring on the island, Sariza, is found at Apikia, in the centre of village. The beautiful fountain is of unknown date. However, the beneficial qualities of the spring water have been known since long, long ago. The water is diuretic and is believed to cure kidney ailments and stomach problems. Analysis of the water shows that it contains carbon salts of sodium, calcium and magnesium and chloride salts of potassium, sodium, magnesium, aluminium and silicon oxide.

The spring water is bottled and is sold all over Andros, as well as the rest of Greece. The spring Zannakis is found at Menites. The water here is mildly alkaline and it also contains iron. It is an excellent, light table water. During the 19th century the spring water of Zannaki and Agia Irini were exported to Athens, Smirni and Constantinople, using clay containers.

Two kilometres north of Apikia there is the church of Agia Irini . Within its grounds exists another, lesser known spring, with water to rival that of Sariza, and it has a similar composition. The Pertenia is found at Mesa Vouni. The water here is exceptionally light and has a lovely flavour. It takes its name from the belief that the water can disperse kidney stones. A private analysis made on this water showed that the conductivity of the water is hardly 6, perhaps the lowest in all of Europe.

Andros really is covered with springs and fountains. It is impossible to determine the exact number, but there are dozens of them. Some have stone surrounds, others more humble in design and they continuously supply villages and settlements with water to irrigate the farms, even meeting housewives' laundry demands and until fifty years ago the water turned the watermills of the island. Some of them are mentioned on the pages relating to the towns and villages as well as the page about the footpaths.


THE RAVINE OF PITHARA
The ravine at Pitharas is found about ten minutes' walk from Apikia. The footpath which leads there is flat and covered in ivy, preparing one for what is to follow. The plentiful water rushes rapidly into the verdant green landscape, creating waterfalls and lakes which abound with aquatic life. Rare species of plants and wild flowers are found growing along the whole riverbed. A little further down, the largest working water mill in the Balkans was to be found from 1863 up until1936.


REMATA
Remata is a small and picturesque village found between Katakoilos and Arni. The village is crossed by the Arnipotamos River which descends from the Petalo mountain and flows into the bay at Lefka. The Arnipotamos, which starts its journey in torrents, deep in a densely wooded channel, becomes more gentle as it reaches the village. For its entire course it creates waterfalls and ponds suitable for swimming and supplies abundant streams which irrigate the farmland of the area. It has plenty of aquatic life with eels, crabs and in some places, fresh water mussels. At its highest points, near to Arni, some rare species of butterflies are found in the spring. In former times the Arnipotamos supplied numerous watermills, one of which is the Lebesi family watermill, which is very well maintained up to this day. From this watermill a footpath starts which follows the river, crossing the village and reaching, at its estuary, the graphic and deserted bay of Lefka.

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