island Andros
andros_beach

The History of Andros

 

6th - 3rd MILLENNIUM BC.
Neolithical age, first Cycladic civilisation: Andros is inhabited successively by Kares, Phonecians and Cretans. A large settlement from this period (3rd millenium) has recently been discovered at Strofillas (west coast). Traces of another settlement found in Microyiali (north coast).

 

 

 

 

21-16th CENTURIES BC.
Middle bronze age, middle Cycladic civilization: a few findings in the north of Andros and a big settlement at Plaka (west coast).

16-13th CENTURIES BC.
Mycenean age: the native residents exiled from the Iones arrive from overland. First traces of settlement in Paleopolis. A few findings from this period.

 

 

10-9th CENTURIES BC.
Geometric period, 1st period of colonization: settlements at Zagora and Ipsili. Foundations of Ipsili sanctum.

8th CENTURY BC.
Geometric period, 2nd period of colonization: foundations of a sanctum at Zagora. The Andros settlers together with the Halkidians establish the following towns: Akanthos, Argilos, Sani, Stageira (the birth place of Aristoteles) in Halkidiki. At the end of the century, about 700 BC, Zagora is abandoned.



700-480 BC.
Archaic period: "The City of Andros" (today known as Paleopolis) flourishes. The temples of Zagora and also of Ipsili are constructed. The Ipsili settlement is confined to its acropolis.
Persian wars: Andros is conquered by the Persians. An attempt by the Athenians, under the leadership of Themistokles, to invade Andros fails.

 

 

 

480-320 BC. CLASSIC PERIOD:
the year 477 BC is the beginning of an alliance with the Athenians. The years 415-413 belong to the Sicilian campaign. Defection from the alliance in 409 or 408, and Andros is besieged by the Athenians led by Alkiviadis army. The year 338 sees Andros placement in the Island Association. From this date, the Aghios Petros Tower and the tower at Stavropeda are chronicled.

 

 

 

 

320-30 BC.
Hellenistic Period, Macedonian rule: 199-133 Ptolemic rule. During this period, "The City of Andros" (Paleopolis) is fortified with a strong wall, and obtains a market place, warm (public) baths, a theatre and temples. The same period sees the construction of a quay, the remains of which can still be seen, half-submerged on the beach of Paleopolis. The year 133 sees the invasion by the Romans.

30 BC-324 AD.
Roman Empire: Roman rule over all of Greece. Decline of Andros.

 

 

4-6th CENTURIES.
Early Byzantine period: the large basilica churches at Paleopolis are built and a small community in Hora appears for the first time. In the year 362, Andros achieves its own bishop and in the 5th century, the last great neo-platonic philosopher, Proklos, teaches here. Towards the end of the 6th century, "The City of Andros: begins to decline.

7-12th CENTURIES.
Byzantine period: Andros is classed as the 16th province of the Aegean. During the 9th century, the 'philosophical academy' is in operation, at which Leon Sofos, a future emperor of Constantinoupolis, attended. By the 12th century, Andros had reached a period of great prosperity, which was based on the development of its sericulture and commerce. The churches of the archangel at Messaria, Melida and at Ipsili are built; also the church of the Virgin Mary at Mesathouri and the church of St Nicholas at Korthi.

 

 

 

 

1207-1565. Venetian Rule:
Andros is conquered by the Venetians. The two castled settlements are established, Mesa Kastro (Hora) and Pano Kastro (Paleokastro). The tower of Makrotandalon is built and the monasteries of Zoodochos Pighi and of St Nicholas.

 

 

 

 

1566-1821. The Ottoman Rule:
establishment of the Panachrandou Monastery. During the 17th century, the tower of Bistis-Mouvelas is built.
In the 18th century the first Greek schools are established, the most important of which was the "School of the Holy Trinity" at Korthi.

 

 

 

10 MAY 1821.
Theofilos Kairis proclaims Andros' participation in the revolution which will lead to the creation of the Greek state.

1821-1940.
A big increase in ocean-going shipping. The neo-classicial mansions in Hora are built. Bequests of art and other donations from ship owners, especially in the area of Hora.

UP TO PRESENT DATE.
Few sailors and even fewer farmers have remained on the island of Andros. Tourism is making a slow but conyinous increase, especially in it's alternative forms.

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